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Top 8 Child Labor and Workplace Safety Rules for Teenagers and Employers

March 22, 2013

Child labor and workplace safety rules to watch out for when teenagers get a job

Brief overview of child labor laws and workplace safety rules and standards for teenagers and youth workers as at March 2013. Links to current resources are located at the bottom of this page.

1. Age matters

Minimum working age of teens is 14 years old. Teenagers under 14 may perform casual jobs such as babysitting, pet sitting and non-hazardous odd jobs for family and friends.

2. Dangerous equipment

Teenagers under 18 are prohibited from using hazardous or dangerous equipment or dangerous activities such as:

  • Dough mixers or slicers
  • Fryers or grills
  • Hoisting devices
  • Ladders or scaffolds
  • Carrying heavy loads
  • Using a lawn mower or weed eater (other than working for own family and friends)
  • Transporting passengers or property
  • Using power-driven machines or equip­ment

3. Selling alcohol

Teenagers under 18 cannot sell alcohol or serve customers alcohol if the alcohol is consumed in the premises itself.

4. Adult supervision

Teenagers under 18 require adult supervision at all times.

5. Working hours

Rules for working hours:

  • Teens cannot work after 7 pm during the school term if they are under 16.
  • Teens must work only outside school hours.
  • Time restrictions include:
    • working only maximum 3 hours a day on school days.
    • working only maximum 8 hours during school holidays.
    • working only maximum 18 hours a week during the school term.
    • working only a maximum 40 hours a week during school days.

6. Safety training

It is compulsory for teens to receive safety and hazard training at the place where they work.

7. Work permits

Teens under 18 must have a work permit issued from their school in order to start a new job.

8. Prohibited industries

Teens cannot work in the following occupations:

  • Construction industry
  • Cooking or baking industries
  • Warehouse or storage industries
  • Manufacturing, mining or process­ing
  • Motor vehicles or service as help­ers on vehicles
  • Public messenger service
  • Public utilities and communications
  • Warehousing or storage, and
  • any other hazardous occupation or industry